How to Reference Authors in APA Format.

MLA is a common format for a book bibliography. Under this format, you will be creating a “works cited” list that is alphabetized by author name. If there are multiple authors listed for a resource, then the lead author will be used for alphabetizing purposes.

How to Cite Multiple Authors In MLA: In-Text and Parenthetical Citation Basics The in-text citation is the reference that the writer includes within the text of the paper. An in-text citation is used to tell the reader that a quote, paraphrase, or idea originated from a source.

Book with three to five authors - APA 6th Edition.

When the author name is not mentioned in the text, the citation consists of the author’s name and the year of publication in brackets. Example: It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent (Jones, 2017). If you have already named the author in the text, only the publication year needs to be mentioned in brackets. Example: Jones (2017) emphasised that citations in the.Bibliography. A bibliography is a complete list of the references used in a piece of academic writing. The sources should be listed in alphabetical order by surname of the author or editors name. Where there are more than one author or editor, the name of the first should be used to place the work. A bibliographical entry should not end with a full stop. Unlike a reference in a footnote, the.Citing in-text; Reference list and bibliography; Back to 'iCite' A version of the Harvard (author-date) System of referencing has been adopted as the standard for the presentation of academic text at the University of Birmingham. The examples on this page refer to this version, as found on the Cite Them Right Online website. For detailed guides on how to reference and cite different sources.


Author-page citation for classic and literary works with multiple editions. Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work, like Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto. In such cases, give the page number of your edition (making sure the.Some books may contain chapters written by different authors. When citing work from such a book, the author who wrote the chapter should be cited, not the editor of the book. 5.8 Secondary referencing Secondary references are when an author refers to another author’s work and the primary source is not available. When citing such work the author of the primary source and the author of the.

Citing sources with 4 or more authors where both sources are published in same year with the same first author. When referencing two or more sources published in the same year, and all these sources have the same first author and maybe even the same second, third authors, provide the names of enough authors in the in-text citation to show the difference.

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Book chapter (in an edited book) In the citation use the name of the author of the chapter, not the editor of the book. When the author name is not mentioned in the text, the citation consists of the author’s name and the year of publication in brackets. Example: It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent (Jones, 2017).

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Writing a list of references. At the end of all pieces of academic writing, you need a list of materials that you have used or referred to. This usually has a heading: references but may be bibliography or works cited depending on the conventions of the system you use. The object of your writing is for you to say something for yourself using the ideas of the subject, for you to present ideas.

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Harvard Reference List Citations for Books with Two or More Authors When creating a citation that has more than one author, place the names in the order in which they appear on the source. Use the word “and” to separate the names. Last name, First initial. and Last name, First initial.

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A Harvard reference list must: Be on a separate sheet at the end of the document Be organised alphabetically by author, unless there is no author then it is ordered by the source title, excluding articles such as a, an or the.

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Following the primary author's name with the year in parentheses, like Culver (2006), indicates that you are directly citing the original source. To avoid confusion, just include the year of the secondary source in your text, like Culver (as cited in Jones, 2009). Knowledge Check: Secondary Sources.

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When a publication has several authors, it is usual to give the surname of the first author followed by et al. (an abbreviation of the Latin for 'and the others') although for works with just two authors both names may be given, as in the example above.

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How to write a bibliography Using a separate line for each new text listed, simply write out the details of each of your texts in the following order: Author (surname, initials), year of publication, title of book (in italics or underlined), edition (if there have been more than one), publisher, place of publication.

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Referencing books. Reference styles do vary. The examples on this page may not match the preference of your School or Department - please check the guidelines from your School or Department to ensure you are following the preferred style. Referencing print books. References to books should include the following: The author(s), or editor(s) - by surname and initial(s) The title (in italics or.

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There are two ways to give an in-text reference for multiple authors sharing the same point. When they are mentioned directly in the text, as below, the authors are listed in chronological order with their respective year of publication in brackets.

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